Currencies by Country:

What is the Danish krone (DKK)?

Credit Ratings & Outlook

In the latest credit ratings from December 1970, Moody's gives Denmark a Aaa rating, with a stable outlook. Fitch has a stable outlook with a AAA rating. Finally, S&P last issued a AAA rating, with a stable outlook.

Sovereign credit ratings play an important part in determining a country’s access to international capital markets, and the terms of that access. Sovereign ratings help to foster dramatic growth, stability, and efficiency of international and domestic markets.

Central Bank Rate

The current central bank interest rate is 0.60%. This is the same as 2011, which was 0.70%.

GDP

In 2010 the total GDP was $311,988,727,035 in US Dollars, while the per capita GDP was $56,244. It grew by 1.30% over the previous year.

Unemployment

The latest unemployment rate for 2012 is 7.90%.

Consumer Price Index

The latest consumer price index for 2010 is 111.08.

Political Structure

The current head of the government is Prime Minister Helle Thorning-Schmidt, and the head of state is Queen Margrethe II (in a ceremonial role).

Currency Details

The Danish krone, also denoted by DKK, is the currency used in Denmark and the Danish dependency of Greenland. The krone, subdivided into 100 ore, is closely pegged to the euro. Prior to the introduction of the euro, the DKK was pegged to the German Mark.

The Danish krone was first established in 1873. This was a result of the disbanding of the Scandinavian Monetary Union. The initial parties of the monetary union were the Scandinavian countries of Sweden and Denmark, with Norway joining two years later.

The name of the common currency was the “krone” in Denmark and Norway, and the “krona” in Sweden, which literally means “crown” in English. After the dissolution of the monetary union Denmark, Norway, and Sweden all decided to keep the name of their separate currencies. Denmark choose to opt out of the Maastricht Treaty that would allow the country to preserve the krone while the majority of the European Union adopted a common currency known as the Euro.

Moody’s Rating
Aaa, 23 Aug 1999
S&P Rating
AAA

Sovereign credit ratings play an important part in determining a country’s access to international capital markets, and the terms of that access. Sovereign ratings help to foster dramatic growth, stability, and efficiency of international and domestic markets.

What does it look like?

Political Structure

Denmark became a constitutional monarchy through the adoption of a new constitution in 1849. The monarch acts as the head of state, which is for the most part a ceremonial role since executive power is exercised by the cabinet ministers. Among the cabinet executive branch, the prime minister acts as the first among equals. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Danish parliament, which consists of 179 members. The Danish Judiciary is independent of the executive and legislature. Parliamentary elections are held at least every four years but the prime minister, at his discretion, may make the time interval between elections shorter.

Prominent Figures

Chief of State Queen MARGRETHE II (since 14 January 1972); Heir Apparent Crown Prince FREDERIK, elder son of the monarch (born 26 May 1968)
Head of Government Prime Minister Lars Loekke RASMUSSEN (since 5 April 2009)
Cabinet Council of State appointed by the monarch
Elections the monarch is hereditary; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch

Key Economic Factors

Overview:

Denmark has a modern market economy that features high-tech agriculture, up-to-date small-scale and corporate industry, extensive government welfare measures, comfortable living standards, a stable currency, and high dependence on foreign trade. Denmark exports food and energy while enjoying a comfortable balance of payments surplus.

Overview:

Food processing, machinery and equipment, textiles and clothing, chemical products, electronics, construction, furniture and other wood products, shipbuilding and windmills.

Major Trading Partners:

Germany, Sweden, the UK, and the US.

Export Commodities:

Machinery and instruments, meat and meat products, dairy products, fish, chemicals, furniture, ships and windmills.

Import Commodities:

Machinery and equipment, raw materials and semimanufactures for industry, chemicals, grain and foodstuffs and consumer goods.

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